core php vs mvc frameworks
OpenSource

PHP – MVC vs Native

MVC Frameworks

MVC architecture, the structure of the system – that separates domain/application/business logic from the rest of the user interface. This is done by separating the application into three different elements, Model, View and Controller.

Consistency, Reliability, and Accuracy are the three terms that add weight to a framework. When the bunch of team digs together, it is guaranteed that the team would deliver a consistent result.

The better outcome can be expected from the framework as it is blessed with a systematic platform and hence programmers can code with the client’s requirement and the task can be shared by a team of developers.

Instead of coding several times, you can get the desired go of the result. As the frameworks are developed with object-oriented concepts it can be controlled by a web application.

Working of MVC

Model

Manages fundamental, behaviours and data application layer. The job of the Model is to respond to requests for information, responds to instructions to change the state of its information, and even to notify observers in event-driven systems when information changes. This can be a database or any number of data structures or storage systems. In a nutshell, it is the data and data-management of the application.

Views

Effectively provides the user interface element of the application. It renders the data from the model into a form that is suitable for the user interface.

Controller

Receives user request input and initiates the calls to model objects and the view to perform appropriate actions.

Core Languages

This term can apply to any programming language as it refers to the base programming language itself. For instance, that consists of different syntax, loops, threads, conditions, data types, branching constructs, reserved words and other components of the core languages. A few application programming languages that have immense core base while others have a small core but the core of any programing language that is in use needs to be maintained frequently for future upgrades.

Using Core Languages, developers write the code with their skills and logic and if the group of teams is working with the Core Language, the method of scripting the code differs from one programmer to another. Hence, this results in an inconsistent solution.

To connect the dots, we are going to refer to PHP as a Core Language & PHP Framework as MVC Framework.

PHP is a server-side scripting language, which is very well known as an Open Source Language, Like C, C++, it converts the English Language to machine code. It gets compiled down to an intermediate bytecode then it gets interpreted by the runtime engine.

Zend, Laravel, Lumen, Slim, Code Igniter, etc. are the Open Source Framework, created for the Web Development Purpose which uses Model-View-Controller Architectural Pattern.

Choosing Core PHP or PHP Framework is a very well-known topic amongst the PHP Developers and different developers are having different views. Many vouches said that there is nothing like Core PHP to build a quality product which is why it is the most popular language for web development work. So many other languages came into existence after PHP, but it still holds the same position.

Comparison Between Core PHP & MVC Framework

Various ways are available to solve a problem programmatically, suppose we have a numeric problem and there are two ways to solve that problem 1. We can use pen & paper or 2. We can use a calculator, using pen & paper is the way we use Core PHP and calculator could be treated for PHP Framework.

Here are a few comparisons:

  1. Development Quality: PHP frameworks like Laravel & Symfony are the most popular framework in the market these days, in terms of development quality Frameworks can overcome the core PHP source code. We have some of the application where the developer writes the complete logic for multiple functionalities in just one file the length of that file goes in thousands, that code consists of HTML, PHP, JavaScript and Style all together in just on a single file. Which makes it difficult to understand the code if anything goes wrong in the functional flow. On the other hand, Using an MVC framework segregates the code into different layers like Model, View and Controllers.
  2. Easy Modification, Manipulation & Customization: It’s very easy to find out the exact place for the logical error if we are going to use an MVC framework because we can get to know the controller and the model via its route and debug at the right place. Latest frameworks like Laravel and Symfony provides us with the inline command tools which make our work even easier. But if we have used Core PHP and haven’t managed the files properly, in a separate folder structure with a proper hierarchy, then the developer will be in trouble, either it is a small or time taking modification, developer will have to spend the maximum time unnecessarily, to find out the place because for Core Language there is no predefined architecture, but for frameworks, it is there. You can search the documentation for every framework available, and if the development has been done according to the development guide it will be a child’s play for a developer to make the required changes.
  3. Database Manipulation & Migration: Database Manipulation can be like; creating a new table, removing an existing table, field alteration, etc. Which should be done parallelly in the respective code base, otherwise the application will stop working. So, if we are working with core PHP we need database access along with that we will have to do the changes manually in our database structure by login into the cPanel etc. And it would be difficult if we need to migrate a complete database structure from one server to another, for doing this we will have to export the SQL file from server and import into another server, for this kind of work we would need a database administrator. But if we have developed our application using an MVC framework like Laravel or Symfony, Database Manipulation will be a very easy task, because these kinds of frameworks provide us with the feature for database migration, the project consists with a folder where all the migration scripts reside. And using few commands on terminal we can run those migration scripts which can create and alter the table structure, dummy data can also be seeded into multiple tables in just one go.
  4. Secure Introspectable Tunnels: A developer always needs and online space to display their work to their client, remote team members etc. the same situation happens when a developer is using core PHP instead of using an MVC Framework, He needs an online space to upload his project files then he needs to configure the database if the application is data-driven. Bearing a server cost during the project development is like an investment in the project, but what if we can show the project to the client without pushing it to any server, this will be a great thing to know. Yes, Our PHP Framework like Laravel provides us with a secure Introspectable Tunnel for localhost, which makes it possible to provide an online URL of your project to anyone, anywhere in the world. But if you are still thinking to develop your application using Core Language then you will have to bear the server cost during the development of your project.
  5. ORM Vs Raw SQLs: A big ruling thing under the Frameworks Architectures is the Integrated ORMs, like Eloquent etc. which provide the complete set of rules and functionality to play with intense SQL operations, CRUD, Transections, etc. Eloquent provides a systematic way to perform the data-driven task in the project, on the other hand, it helps to be secured from the SQL Injections as is sanitize all type of request what an MVC Framework receives from the internal system or the external one. With Core PHP we use to write all the raw SQL queries for database operations, which waist a lot of time to prepare the correct & optimized query.

Closing Thoughts

But as per our research mentioned above in terms of comparison says, the base of every language is its core, so no doubt an MVC Framework is nothing without its core language. But as we know thousands of developers are working on different libraries what are available free of cost and easy to use & manage with MVC Frameworks then there is no point to rewrite the code in Core PHP Language for the same set of functionalities which are already available.

The main reason why developers love the frameworks so much is to follow the same coding syntax for all the Projects for the same kind of frameworks, and you the get other benefits like documentation support, community support etc. It’s difficult to maintain the huge application in Core PHP, even the owner of the written code can deny to me changes frequently as cannot be managed as compared to MVC Frameworks.

The outcome should be to learn the Core Language first and then start the digging into the MVC Frameworks, as it is just not limited to MVC Frameworks, there are a lot more to learn like different CMS i.e. Drupal, WordPress, Joomla etc.