Website architecture is the planning and design of the technical, functional and visual components of a website – before it is designed, developed and deployed. It is used by website designers and developers to design and develop a website.
Web architecture is the conceptual structure of the World Wide Web. It defines the interactions between applications, middleware systems and databases to ensure multiple applications can work together. Web architects fall, as a subgroup of software architects specialized in designing and building applications that are used through what is known as the Web, ie, using the HTTP protocol to communicate with users or with other web applications.
Overall, they form the infrastructure of the internet, which is made possible by the three core components of data transmission protocols (TCP/IP, HTTP, HTTPS), representation formats (HTML, CSS, XML), and addressing standards (URI, URL). The term web architecture should be distinguished from the terms website architecture and information architecture.
Web application architecture is critical since most of the global network traffic, and every single app and device uses web-based communication. It deals with scale, efficiency, robustness, and security.
Website architecture is used in creating a logical layout of a website in line with the user and/or business requirements. It defines the different components that will make up a website and the services each component or the website will provide in whole.
Types of web architecture
- Single page applications (SPA) – It is the era of minimalism, where a single-page web app is more popular. The most sought-after applications include only the required elements of content. This offers a greater interactive user experience, permitting the Single-page web app and the user to have a more dynamic interaction.
- Microservices – The execution of a single and specific functionality through Microservices Architecture framework permits developers to roll out applications faster and with greater efficiency. As various components are developed in different coding languages, there is greater flexibility in choosing a technology of choice.
- Serverless architectures – These permits applications to execute without a correlation to infrastructure related tasks, where the developers do not have to manage the backend servers, working on third-party infrastructure.
Web Application Architecture is Important for Supporting Future Growth
The reason why it is imperative to have good web application architecture is that it is the blueprint for supporting future growth which may come from increased demand, future interoperability and enhanced reliability requirements. Through object-oriented programming, the organizational design of web application architecture defines precisely how an application will function. Some features include:
- Delivering persistent data through HTTP, which can be understood by client-side code and vice-versa
- Making sure requests contain valid data
- Offers authentication for users
- Limits what users can see based on permissions
- Creates, updates and deletes records
Web architect skills
- Design and implementation of application logic, ie the set of capabilities which it provides, such as user-entered data processing, results in calculation from different input data, algorithms designing and implementation, manipulation of information stored in databases, executing different actions as a result of compliance with some given conditions or event triggering, etc. Ie planning and designing of what later is implemented using one or more programming languages.
- Designing of information architecture, ie, determine the real-world information that the application will be able to handle, design a conceptual model which is an accurate reflection of the real world with its different entities and relationships between those entities.
Best Practices for Good Web Application Architecture
You may have a working app, but it also needs to have good web architecture. Here are several attributes necessary for good web application architecture:
- Solves problems consistently and uniformly
- Is as simple as possible
- Supports the latest standards include A/B testing and analytics
- Offers fast response times
- Utilizes security standards to reduce the chance of malicious penetrations
- Does not crash
- Heals itself
- Does not have a single point of failure
- Scales out easily
- Allows for easy creation of known data
- Errors logged in a user-friendly way
- Automated deployments